青团运与你有约!!!

青团运与你有约!!!

Sunday, August 30, 2009

A型流感运动

青团运玻璃市州分会主催
青团运玻璃市11支会
同步呼吁全国人民共同防范A型流感(H1N1)


爪夷芭支会主席、青团运州分会副主席兼宣传局主任-郭志坤(主持)

A型流感(H1N1)已蔓延至全世界,世界卫生局不停的把各国的A型流感情况控制。自从5月份至今已经有100天,A型流感还未能完全的控制下来。马来西亚A型流感情况一天比一天严重,卫生部长拿督廖仲莱一直呼吁国民强制对抗A型流感的传染,然而因A型流感而死亡人数不断的增加。面对A型流感不能单靠卫生部,应该得到全民的配合下才能把病历调至零巴仙。
A型流感(H1N1)可以确定的是疫情将会扩大,死亡人数会增加,各州政府必须加紧教育民众,让他们的医疗体系准备好应对严重的病例并保护那些容易被感染的人,以避免不必要死亡。
每个国家应对流感的方式都不一样。一般而言,情势好像已经获得控制,我们只是说,在几个月后北半球进入冬季时,必须准备好应对A型流感病例可能的暴增和可能造成的死亡。所以各国各州卫生部必须确定他们有足够的抗病毒药物的存量,以及确定何时能够供应疫苗,同时也必须确定,举例而言,他们的医疗设施足以应付可能激增的病例。
防范A型流感也应该有正确的方法,比如用对的方法戴口罩,用对的方法洗手。对于有病的人士,比较容易感染A型流感。希望有病者应呆在家里养病,并戴上口罩。
这次的防范A型流感运动非常成功,主要是得到来自各区的善信人士的支持下报效了 “防范A型流感”的布条。

一人一句

青团运玻璃市州分会主席-曾文义
照片:群益小学礼堂[DSCN5367]
生命可贵,对于年级较年老的人应该多注意A型流感的传染。

青团运全国副总会长-王大豪
多注意身边的朋友或家人,如有发现奇异的健康状况,应该立刻到附近的医院检查,请专业人员协助就医。

青团运州分会秘书-黄诗咏
照片:爪夷芭静安宫,与静安宫会长李水贺,爪夷芭支会副主席谭迪森。[DSCN5360]
虽然玻璃市还没那么严重,不过预防胜于治疗。

亚楼支会主席-曾永端
照片:亚楼华益小学,与支会财政张致发合照。[100_0661]
面对A型流感,除了自我保护外,更重要的是关心周围的人与事,唯有抛开自私的心理,才能更有效的遏制流感的漫延。

瓜山尼只会主席-章慕沙
照片:与当地居民合照。[IMG_0343]
我国人民的卫生意识不够强烈,卫生习惯不好,间接导致我国H1N1感染程度偏高!呼吁大家多注意个人卫生,预防胜于治疗!

玻璃市花园支会主席-江凯尔
照片:群益礼堂[DSCN5365]
在医术科技发达下,一定会把A型流感减至零巴仙。

巴东勿刹支会主席-曾玮琳
照片:[]
面对A型流感不能单靠单种族来努力,是时候让全人民一起对抗A型流感的蔓延。

新路支会主席-刘维宾
照片:新路大伯公庙,与村长杨炳如合照。[DSCN5380]
希望大家提高防范意识,不光为别人,也是为自己.

十字港支会主席-郭弓煌
照片:[]
勿到国外旅游,以提防从国外传染回来。

马打亚也支会主席-郑安展
照片:公益小学[DSCN5375]
国家不能因为A型流感而失去对国家有贡献的人才。

加基武吉支会主席-刘世栋
照片:加基武吉[DSC02057]
卫生部应该把口罩的价钱调低至马币40仙,这样一来可以让百姓多购买。

玻州港口支会主席-王文河
照片:永安宫,与王大豪合照。[IMG_0341]
卫生部须加强防范,以减低传染的巴仙率。

加央市区主席-陈亚强
照片:加央九皇爷庙[DSCN5374]
多运动,加强体内的免疫力。去到哪里都好,都应该多洗洗手,戴口罩。

特别鸣谢:
南洋商报,光华日报,光明日报,星洲日报。
大西洋广告社,玻州港口休闲钓鱼中心,郑永森,刘裕发回收中心,章慕沙,
青团运亚楼支会,曾文义,大生金铺,郑维铭。

Saturday, August 29, 2009

什么是A型流感?



卫生组织已确认,美国和墨西哥发生了人感染A型流感疫情,另有多个国家报告发现了疑似或确诊的人感染A型流感病例。世卫组织在26日发布的一份公告中对A型流感做出了详细介绍。


世卫组织说,A型流感是一种发生在猪身上的高度传染性急性呼吸道疾病,由A型流感病毒引起。A型流感在猪中的发病率较高,但死亡率较低,仅为1%至4%。A型流感在猪之间主要通过空气悬浮颗粒、直接或间接接触、携带A型流感病毒但无症状的猪传播。

A型流感常年都可能发生,在温带地区秋冬季节发病率会更高。许多国家采取注射疫苗的方法预防A型流感。

A型流感病毒大多是A/H1N1型,但其他亚型也会在猪中传播,例如H1N2、H3N1、H3N2。其中,H3N2型被认为最初是由人传播到猪身上的。

除A型流感病毒之外,猪也会感染禽流感病毒和人流感病毒。有时,猪会同时感染不止一种类型的流感病毒,使得来自不同类型病毒的基因融合,产生所谓的“重组”流感病毒。

通常,A型流感病毒具有“物种特异性”,只感染猪,但有时也会跨越物种障碍,使人感染发病。

Perhatian... Influence A (H1N1)

Influenza A (H1N1)
Influenza atau flu adalah penyakit berjangkit disebabkan oleh virus influenza.

a. Virus Influenza
terdapat 3 jenis virus influenza iaitu a,b dan C. ketiga-tiga ini boleh menjangkiti manusia. Virus influenza a adalah paling berbahaya kerana boleh menjangkiti haiwan dan manusia. Virus influenza boleh menjalani mutasi (perubahan genetik) dan menghasilkan virus influenza jenis baru yang lebih berbahaya. ini akan mencetuskan kejadian epidemik dan pandemik influenza.
Virus influenza tersebar melalui titisan cecair dari mulut dan hidung ketika bercakap, bersin atau batuk. Virus ini seterusnya masuk ke dalam badan melalui saluran pernafasan.

b. adakah inFLUenza sama dengan demam seLesema?
Tidak. Walaupun kedua-duanya mempunyai gejala yang hampir sama tetapi influenza menyebabkan gejala dan tanda-tanda yang lebih teruk serta boleh menyebabkan komplikasi yang mengancam nyawa.

Perbandingan antara influenza dan demam selesema:
tanda dan inFLUenza (FLU) demam seLesema
Gejala (Common cold)
Demam Tinggi. Biasanya melebihi 38˚C Kurang dari 38˚C
Letih lesu teruk dan boleh berlarutan sangat ringan hingga 2 ke 3 minggu
Sakit otot / sakit sendi sederhana ke teruk ringan
batuk batuk teruk, tidak berkahak tiada / ringan pada peringkat awal
hidung berair / tiada / ringan teruk berhingus
bersin kerap tidak kerap
sakit tekak sederhana ke teruk tiada / ringan
sakit kepala sederhana ke teruk ringan
Penyebab Virus influenza a, b atau C adenovirus, rhinovirus, Parainfluenza virus, Corona virus dan lain-lain

C. aPakah raWatan bagi inFLUenza?
tiada rawatan khusus untuk influenza. rawatan yang diberikan adalah rawatan simptomatik sahaja.
anda dinasihatkan untuk mengambil tindakan-tindakan berikut:
• Mengambil ubat demam seperti paracetamol untuk melegakan demam dan sakit kepala
• Minum air atau minuman suam bagi melegakan sakit tekak dan batuk
• Amalkan pemakanan seimbang dan tidur atau rehat yang secukupnya
• Hindarkan stres kerana ini akan melemahkan sistem pertahanan badan
• Jika tanda dan gejala berlarutan atau tambah teruk dapatkan rawatan di klinik atau hospital

d. bagaimana jangkitan inFLUenza boLeh dieLakkan dari merebak?
i. jika anda bersin atau batuk:
• Tutup mulut dan hidung dengan tisu atau sapu tangan
• Buang tisu yang digunakan ke dalam tong sampah
• Jangan berkongsi sapu tangan
• Basuh tangan dengan sabun selepas batuk dan bersin. Juga basuh tangan dengan bersih setelah menyentuh bahan mentah, permukaan tercemar, muka, hidung, telinga dan lain-lain anggota badan
ii. Pakai penutup mulut dan hidung (mask) untuk mengelakkan jangkitan influenza.
iii. elakkan dari berada di tempat-tempat awam jika anda dijangkiti influenza.

e. aPakah Perbezaan antara Ubat antiViraL dan Vaksin inFLUenza?
Ubat antiviral adalah ubat bagi merawat pesakit yang dijangkiti virus. Pemberian ubat antiviral pada masa yang betul akan dapat mengurangkan impak gejala dan tanda penyakit serta mengurangkan kemungkinan komplikasi penyakit.
Vaksin diberi sebagai langkah pencegahan. Vaksinasi menggunakan vaksin influenza yang ada di pasaran hanya untuk memberi perlindungan kepada individu dari mendapat jangkitan.
kementerian kesihatan menyarankan mereka yang akan melawat negara yang sedang mengalami musim sejuk dan mereka yang akan mengerjakan haji dan umrah di mekah agar mendapatkan suntikan vaksin influenza. suntikan boleh diperolehi dari klinik atau hospital swasta tertentu.

Pastikan anda daPat membezakannya!
Anda haruslah memahami dan dapat membezakan istilah - istilah yang digunakan berkaitan dengan influenza :
aVian inFLUenza
Avian influenza atau selesema burung adalah sejenis penyakit berjangkit yang biasanya berlaku di kalangan ayam, itik dan burung (unggas). ia juga boleh menjangkiti manusia.
ePidemik inFLUenza

Epidemik influenza adalah kejadian wabak influenza yang menyerang sekumpulan penduduk di sesuatu lokasi atau negara.

Pandemik inFLUenza
Pandemik influenza adalah kejadian wabak influenza yang menyerang sebahagian besar dari penduduk dunia. ia berlaku akibat dari kemunculan virus influenza baru yang mana penduduk dunia tidak mempunyai daya ketahanan badan bagi melawan virus tersebut. Vaksin influenza yang sedia ada tidak dapat melindungi serangan virus pandemik influenza.

Diterbitkan oleh:
kementerian kesihatan maLaysia
Tel: 03-8881 0200/300
Laman Web: http://dph.gov.my/survelans/
http://www.infosihat.gov.my
Pi.4 (versi 1), 12/2006 (bm 200,000)

H1N1-1



INTRODUCTION
Since 15 May 2009 when the first confirmed case of influenza A(H1N1) was detected in Malaysia, the number of confirmed cases are increasing further, with evidence of nationwide spread. Therefore, event-based surveillance becomes more important to detect clusters of cases and focus public health resources on mitigating the spread (through social distancing) and impact (through provision of antiviral agents) of these outbreaks, particularly in high risk groups. Surveillance activities during this phase aim to provide a comprehensive assessment of the disease including clinical characteristics, risk factor information, and epidemiological and virological features.
Bioclinical surveillance will be enhanced through continuous monitoring of the circulating influenza virus for the emergence of antiviral resistance, antigenic drift, gene sequence changes or reassortment.
Specific triggers for launching investigations may include:
Clusters of ILI, acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI), suspected pneumonia and SARI. Of particular importance is the occurrence of clusters of illnesses in locations outside of the household where people regularly congregate, such as in schools, long-term care facilities, mines and other enclosed work places.
Unexplained severe, respiratory illnesses occurring in one or more health care worker(s) who provide care for patients with respiratory disease.
Unexpected school or work absenteeism.
OBJECTIVE
General: To monitor and detect changes in the geographical spread, trend, intensity and impact of the influenza A(H1N1) infection in the community.
Specific:
To establish a mechanism for timely reporting of influenza A(H1N1) caseload from healthcare facilities.
To facilitate early detection and response towards cluster cases of influenza A(H1N1) infection.
To monitor for changes in the antigenicity and antiviral sensitivity of the circulating influenza A(H1N1) virus.
CASE DEFINITION OF INFLUENZA A(H1N1) INFECTION
Clinical case description:Acute febrile respiratory illness (fever ≥ 38 °C) with the spectrum of disease from influenza-like illness to pneumonia. Other possible symptoms includes; headache, dyspnea, myalgia, joint pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
A suspected case of Influenza A(H1N1) virus infection is defined as an individual after 17th of April 2009, presenting with:
high fever ≥ 38°C, AND
One or more of the following respiratory symptoms: cough, shortness of breath, body ache, difficulty in breathing, AND
One or more of the following: close contact* with a person diagnosed as Influenza A(H1N1) or recent travel to an area with reported transmission of influenza A(H1N1)**
*Close contact is defined as: a person who has been within a distance of 1 meter or less from an ill person who is a confirmed or suspected case of influenza A(H1N1 infection).**Areas in which there are reported transmission of Influenza A(H1N1) are updated on the WHO website http://www.who.int/csr/don/en/
A probable case of Influenza A(H1N1) virus infection is defined as an individual that fulfill the criteria for a suspected case, with an influenza test that is positive for influenza A, but is unsubtypable by reagents used to detect seasonal influenza virus infection
OR
An individual with a clinically compatible illness or who died of an unexplained acute respiratory illness who is considered to be epidemiologically linked to a probable or confirmed case.
A confirmed case of Influenza A(H1N1) virus infection is defined as an individual with laboratory confirmed Influenza A(H1N1) virus infection by one or more of the following tests*:
real-time RT-PCR
viral culture
four-fold rise in Influenza A(H1N1) virus specific neutralizing antibodies
*Note: The test(s) should be performed according to the most currently available guidelines on testing.

NOTIFICATION OF INFLUENZA A(H1N1) CASES
Patients in need of hospital management are to be admitted, as the situation warrants. The patient should then be further managed appropriately according the clinical management recommended. All medical practitioners attending to admitted cases of whom highly suspicious of influenza A(H1N1) infection, need to notify the nearest District Health Office (DHO) and the Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre (CPRC), Disease Control Division using the notification format as in Annex 1. The flow of notification is as shown in Annex 2.
The patient’s daily progress (using format as in Annex 3) should be sent daily to the Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health (MOH) at/before 10.00 am until the patient is discharged.

SURVEILLANCE ACTIVITIES FOR INFLUENZA A(H1N1)
Influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance during this period will involve ALL Influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance during this period will involve ALL government hospitals. In view of the current global situation, the surveillance of ILI and sARI will be done DAILY until further notice from Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health
5.1 INFLUENZA-LIKE ILLNESS (ILI)
Case Definition Of Influenza-Like Illness (ILI): A person presenting with a sudden onset of fever ≥ 38oC and cough or sore throat, in the absence of other diagnosis
*Note: The onset of fever should be within 3 days of presentation and fever should be measured at the time of presentation.
The flow of data collection is as shown in Annex 4 and data are collected using the formats contain in the following Annexes (to be made available at http://www.dph.gov.my/survelans/):
Annex 5: daily return format from Health Clinics
Annex 6: daily return format from District Health Office
Annex 7: daily return format from State Health Department
Specimen CollectionFor good yield of virus isolation, case definition of influenza should be strictly followed on choosing ILI patients for clinical specimen. Influenza virus is best detected in specimens containing infected cells and secretions collected during the first three days after the onset of clinical symptoms.
At least 2 sentinel sites has been identified per state. The specimens collection should be coordinated by the Pathology Department of State Hospitals, to ensure smooth flow of the specimens tranportation to the National Public Health Laboratory, Sungai Buloh, Selangor. At least 5-10 specimens from ILI cases per clinic per week should be collected. Ideally, specimens should be collected throughout the clinic days of the week using a systematic sampling plan e.g. one or two specimens per clinic day in a five clinic days week.
A laboratory form (using format as in Annex 8) should be completed for each ILI case from whom a throat swab is collected. The form should be submitted with the specimen to the National Public Health Laboratory, Sungai Buloh, Selangor.
5.2 SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION (sARI)
Case Definition Of Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (sARI):
Meets ILI case definition (sudden onset of fever ≥ 38oC and cough or sore throat, in the absence of other diagnosis), AND
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, AND
Requiring hospital admission.
The flow of data collection is as shown in Annex 4 and data are collected using the formats as in Annex 9 and Annex 10 (to be made available at http://www.dph.gov.my/survelans/).
Specimen collectionA laboratory form (using format as in Annex 11) should be completed for each sARI case from whom a throat swab is collected. The form should be submitted with the specimen to the Virology Unit, Institute of Medical Research (IMR), Kuala Lumpur.

CLUSTER OF ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION
A cluster is defined as two or more persons presenting with manifestations of unexplained, acute respiratory illness with fever ≥ 38ºC or who died of an unexplained respiratory illness that are detected with onset of illness within a period of 7 days and in the same geographical area and/or are epidemiologically linked.
Any clustering of acute respiratory illness at any level of health care or community should be reported to CPRC, Disease Control Division using format Annex 12 and according to flow chart as in Annex 4.

ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME
In view of this current situation, all acute respiratory syndrome cases should be notified to Disease Control Division as mentioned in the Syndromic Notification Guidelines. Please refer to Syndromic Notification Guidelines.
Acute Respiratory Syndrome is defined as follows:
Acute onset of cough or respiratory distress (e.g. tachypnoea, chest recession, dyspnoea, cyanosis)
AND severe illness
WITH an absence of known predisposing factors.
All medical practitioners attending to a patient who satifies the definition of Acute Respiratory Syndrome, need to notify the State Health Department (SHO) and the Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre (CPRC), Disease Control Division using the Syndromic Notification Form (KKM-syndssurv/2003.2 – Annex 13).
The completed forms should be sent by fax or e-mail attachment within 24 hours to:
the nearest District Health Office with a copy to
ii. the Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre (CPRC), Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia (fax: 03-8881 0400 or 03-8881 0500 / e-mail: cprc@moh.gov.my).

MONITORING OF ABSENTEEISM
Any unsual absenteeism involving a defined institution e.g. school, workplace, PLKN camps, long-term facility etc. should be reported to the nearest District Health Office (DOH) for verification within 24 hours using format as Annex 14 and according to flow chart as in Annex 4.

Contact
Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre (CPRC)
Disease Control Division Ministry of Health Malaysia
Level 3, Block E10, Parcel E62590 PUTRAJAYA
Tel: 03-8881 0200 / 0300Fax: 03-8881 0400 / 0500
E-mail: mailto:cprc@moh.gov.my

Sunday, August 23, 2009

“国庆创意填色比赛”



青团运玻璃市州分会主催

青团运加央市区支会主办

广东公会青年团协办

日期:2009823日(星期日)

“国庆创意填色比赛”





幼儿组

颁奖人:

广东公会妇女组副主席,冯秀莲

广东公会青年团团长,罗锝铨

冠军:蔡欣宇 (Tadika Perpaduan Rafflesia)

亚军:冯俊慈(Tadika Perpaduan Rafflesia)

季军:廖家骏(Tadika Perpaduan Rafflesia)

优秀奖:

郭永康,林芷研,陈斯理,许舒怡,Angie Ng,叶佩旋,朱芷仙,Chen Aun Chi

安慰奖:

张云丝,苏靖哲,许育宾,黎特宏,梁梅婷,黄囿媛,洪俊胜,骆欣柔,张侑苓,陈艺圣,苏苡温,Nur SyamimiNathalyNur Zahirah,林岢柔,陈丽婷,杨梅柔,谢绮文


底年组

颁奖人:

青团运玻璃市州分会秘书,黄诗咏

青团运玻璃市州分会副主席,王文河

冠军:许苡双(群益学校)

亚军:许苡佳(群益学校)

季军:苏以轩(群益学校)

优秀奖:

陈燕仪,庄艾薇,林国强,钟俊彬,李施颖

安慰奖:

林义桤,杨云绮,刘依慧,陈誉钧,余欣柔,杨茹恩,王凯升,郭爱莹,梁吟欣,王洁盈,陈姵孜,苏静姿。




高年组

颁奖人:

加央市区支会主席,陈亚强

加央市区支会秘书,罗进迅

广东公会青年团康乐主任,曾丽燕

冠军:陈泇惠(公益学校)

亚军:林翠怡(群益学校)

季军: 谢豫(群益学校)

优秀奖:苏以杭,骆学林,刘伊善,梁静宜,陈燕盈

安慰奖:祝品昇,黄佳玲,林榆航,李泽恒,洪俊杰



陈亚强讲稿

参加人数到达111

为了配合国庆日的到来,本支会主办“国庆创意填色比赛”。在首相的领导下,提出了,“一个马来西亚”的概念,希望马来西亚的各族问题可以享有公平的对待。52年以来马来西亚的发展都是各族群的努力而来,不分你我,马来西亚才能享有良好的教育方针和经济发展。马来西亚还有地方上应该改善,也希望马来西亚的各族群可以团结一致,站在我们的国土上为国家做出贡献。

Futsal Kebangsaan GBBM Cup 2009

Futsal Kebangsaan GBBM Cup 2009

全国五人足球青团运杯邀请赛

日期/时间: 29/11/2009 (星期日) 早上八时半。

地点 : THADZA SPORT CENTRE, THADZA FUTSAL 室内足球场。(LOT 1670,JLN STADIUM UTAMA,KG PONDOK,01000 KGR,PERLIS)

队伍人数: 5 名正选及三名候补。

比赛资格: 1.职业州手与国手不能参赛。2.年龄十四岁或以上,四十岁或以下。

比赛方式: 分组或循环赛以参赛队伍数作决定.

比赛制度: 根据FUTSAL制度进行.

截止日期: 1/11/2009

抽签日期: 8/9/2009 (星期二) 晚上9:30 JEJAWI思源旅馆, 缺席者的编号将由主办当局代抽.

报名处: 江凯尔 012-4602323,EZIGET TRADING 012-4311149,青团运玻州各支会.

奖励 :

冠军 RM 2000.00 (队伍奖杯一座 + 八名球员奖牌 + 球鞋一双)

亚军 RM 1000.00 (队伍奖杯一座 + 八名球员奖牌 + 球鞋一双)

季军 RM 500.00 (队伍奖杯一座 + 八名球员奖牌) X 两队

注意 : 1.本竞赛任何一条细则,如有未尽善处,本竞赛组有权增删.2.如有任何疑问,欢迎拨电给主办当局询问详情.

赤壁之战-决战天下